In this article, on the proverbs collected by V.I. Dahl, images of Tatars and Kalmyks are studied. The war and peace contacts between men draw attention in the proverbs on Tatars for the Russian. Tatars are often evaluated negatively, although the attitude towards them is not without pity. The Kalmyks are depicted only in domestic terms. The proverbs are a negative attitude towards the Russian people.
Keywords: Psihofolkloristika, Folklore, Russian Proverb, Tatars, Kalmyks, V.I. Dahl.